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Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. How do you get phosphorus from urine? The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! 1. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. How to make Red Phosphorus. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Cut out and save all the striking strips. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … Grab that oil! (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Collis King. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. Playing next. Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. Forms of it are found in DNA, RNA, and all living cell membranes. How do you get phosphorus from urine? Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. Phosphorus occurs in several allotropicforms, the most common of which are white phosphorus and red phosphorus (see Figure 2). A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. o 4 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? ". IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Grab that oil! Report. One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. Follow. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. Keep it in a room away from people. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. Surprisingly, he got one. The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. You want to be careful with your exposure." Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. Heat that for about 16 hours. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. This cools to form solid phosphorus. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Let the rest cool. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. It’s one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. , has many uses and repair bones and teeth, help nerves,! 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