Societies like the Freemasons, Illuminati and Rosicrucian Society played an influential part in organizing revolution and bringing down the Ancien Régime. Under the reign of Louis XVI and his consort Marie Antoinette, France was undergoing considerable economic duress and the factors at the time included the following conditions. 5. William writes on a wide variety of topics, such as ceramics, history, economics and arcane technology through the ages. Rousseau : An Introduction to his Psychological, Social, and Political Theory. 1. Throughout history, there have been dozens of times when people were extremely upset with the government that was ruling over them. His ideas greatly influenced future like with ideas like, Redemption In William Shakespeare's The Kite Runner, The Importance Of Print Media Advertising, Character Analysis Of Nora Helmer In A Doll's House. The mobs soon won the support of the French Guard, including armed and trained soldiers. After this, the revolution spread from city to city and across the country. The church especially had a long history of suppression of new ideas and discoveries, thus driving many intellectuals into hiding and underground to avoid torture and death. But for the new world holdings not directly under the control of the US, it was already too late and these regions were to eventually become part of the New World republic of the US. When Marie Antoinette was told of the hungry people demanding bread due to a lack thereof; she replied callously "Let them eat cake", as if they had it available. 2. For example, Hobbes believed that man was born evil and shared in Aristotle’s belief that government was essentially the preservation of order against man’s instinct for selfishness and violence. Despite ordering a cease fire, which prevented a mutual massacre, Governor Marquis Bernard de Launay was beaten, stabbed and decapitated and his head paraded and displayed. Louis XVI, who was his successor, supported the colonists abroad during the American Revolution, severely worsening the precarious financial condition of the French government. The rebellion began with the women taking action in the streets that were fed up with hunger and what was perceived as the all talk and lack of action by all the others. France was to continue to have turmoil including the Paris Commune of 1871, which Karl Marx attended. The Bastille had also been known as a notorious prison and torture facility used by the King to enforce his tyranny. Dent, N.J.H. He went to a boarding school at Westminster as Reiss This engineered famine was born out of the general famine and executed as a solution by dispensing with the most expendable elements in society. John Locke's philosophy tells us the people are born without innate ideas and that everything they become is influenced by those around them, their environment and developing history. The Social Contract, trans. Mush of that was lost to the British after the French virtually pulled out. Impact of Locke and Rousseau on the Revolution. Locke defined the self as a continuity of consciousness and he was the originator of the "Blank Slate" concept. 3. Resentment From the Professional/Mercantile Classes: There was resentment by the ambitious professional and mercantile classes (the fledgling bourgeoisie, which comprised the bankers, financiers, lawyers, doctors, engineers, military elite, scientists and other professionals) towards noble privileges and dominance in public life. Jean Jacques Rousseau was the inspiration behind conservative, liberal and socialist theory. The bourgeoisie were able to tap into and channel this resentment later on in heir bid for the state. 1. The Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunal were instituted immediately after the execution of King Louis XVI. They began an open rebellion when they heard the news the next day. This is how much they were out of touch with the people. People learned what ideas they later held by influences upon them in life by others from a multitude of directions such as, church, parents, work, schooling, peers, research, etc. Resentment From the Peasants: Resentment existed among the peasants, the laborers and wage earners, and the bourgeoisie toward the traditional privileges possessed by nobles, royalty and courtiers. Two examples of when people stood up for their rights and revolted are the French Revolution and the Haitian Revolution. The philosopher John Locke once said, “[g]overnment has no other end, but the preservation of property” (“John Locke”). Treathyl FOX from Austin, Texas on July 15, 2013: So Locke influenced Rousseau. On June 19th, 1789 Abbé Sieyès from the poorer clergy moved that the Third Estate, now meeting as the Communes, proceed with verification of its own powers and invite the other two estates to take part, but not to wait for them. His, Treatises of Government, explain some of the reasons that John Locke is regarded as the “father of classical liberalism.” Mankind, he thought, is corrupted by society and civilization. Though he was disguised as a monk, he was recognized, captured and met the fate of the guillotine along with Marie Antoinette on January 21st, 1793. Locke’s general theory of value and price is a supply and demand theory. Two of the greatest effects of the Enlightenment era were the American and French Revolutions, which gained their foundation from the revolutionary ideas brought forward by the Enlightenment thinkers. The French Revolution was inspired by the philosophies of Locke and Rousseau. The women who were raining the children felt this the most keenly and would play a pivotal role later in the revolution. The rest of the population (Third Estate). Starting with the fall of the Bastille began the revolution that led, philosophers emerged to challenge these traditional ideas about government. The poor had to pay the most; royalty and church were tax free and existed in luxury from taxes collected. Some influences spilled over from the American Revolution that had success in 1776. 2. There was a complete lack of social services for war veterans who were left to fend for themselves. The Parisians generally were also afraid that arriving soldiers, mostly foreigners under French command rather than native French troops had been summoned to shut down the National Constituent Assembly. The French revolution embodied radical change to forms that were based on enlightenment, principles of nationalism, citizenship, and inalienable rights. The Impact of the Enlightenment on Modern Political Thought This painting from the French Revolution era shows the class between the court and the military that had swung to the side of the people and bourgeoisie. This empowering Revolution used the ideologies of the Enlightenment Era to help fuel their reasons for rebellion. In the broad sense, it covers a wide range of human interests and aspirations. They invited the other orders to join them, but made it clear they intended to conduct the nation's affairs with or without them. The tax was enforced as fait du complait by the summer of 1789. From Locke, an English philosopher who lived until 1704, came the ideas of empiricism, epistemology and the Social Contract. Many Parisians considered King Louis XVI's actions to be the start of a Royal coup by the conservatives. War Debt: Louis XV fought many wars both in Europe and in the New World, bringing France to the verge of bankruptcy. Voltaire used both wit and sarcasm to prove his points against injustice and cruelty. They were also aware that there was far more religious tolerance, which was enshrined in the Declaration of Independence. These revolts are loosely connected, as many say that the Haitian Revolution was inspired by the French Revolution, The Enlightenment thinker, John Locke, greatly influenced movements like the American and French Revolutions. There were also social and political factors involved, many of which caused resentments and aspirations, which were given a strong focus by the rise of the ideals of Enlightenment that came from Locke and Rousseau. They could see the truth in his ideas and those of Locke and these ideas lent support to their own, backed up by their own experience under the tyranny of the aristocracy. The Convention was replaced in October of 1795 with the Directory, which was in turn replaced in 1799 by the Consulate. The King himself attempted, unsuccessfully, to flee Paris for Varennes in June of 1791.
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