HCl is soluble in polar solvent like water, due to the presence of polarity in it (as “Likes dissolves like”). However it will tend to ionize in water (HCl is a strong acid and it will tend to deprotonate in H2O almost completely) Determining weather a compound is ionic, covalent or metallic is not always straight forward. The Chlorine atom is much more electronegative than Hydrogen atom, that is why Hydrogen gains positive charge (partially), and Chlorine atom gains negative charge (partially). Ltd. HCL is covalent in gaseous state but ionic in an aqueous state. For instance, hydrogen chloride, HCl, is a gas in which the hydrogen and chlorine are covalently bound, but if HCl is bubbled into water, it ionizes completely to give the H+ and Cl- of a hydrochloric acid solution. Answer = TeCl4 ( Tellurium tetrachloride ) is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Question: Is hydrogen chloride an ionic or covalent bond ? Chemical bond A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds. As it has been, find that HCl has a large dipole moment in it due to the presence of its high polarity, it is polar covalent molecule. Change ). 4 out of 5 dentists recommend this WordPress.com site, When calculated the ionization constant of HCl (K. Due to its polarity HCl is able to get dissolved in other ionic or polar covalent solvents like Methanol. HCl gas has hydrogen and Chlorine in it, which are two diatomic molecules. In HCl there is a partial negative charge on Chlorine (due to its electro negativity) and partial positive charge on Hydrogen , this entirely makes a large dipole moment in HCl. HCl is generally a gas at room temperatures and in case of humidity; HCl gas forms white fumes of HCl acid. Many bonds can be covalent in one situation and ionic in another. ( Log Out / In the 17th century, Johann Rudolf Glauber reacted NaCl (Sodium Chloride salt) and H2SO4 (Hydrogen Sulphate) together and they found the vapors of HCl gas coming. Question = Is SCN- polar or nonpolar ? Answer: hydrogen chloride ( HCl ) is a Covalent bond What is chemical bond, ionic bond, covalent bond? Answer = ClF (Chlorine monofluoride) is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Question = Is ClF polar or nonpolar ? Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds. Question = Is CF2Cl2 polar or nonpolar ? Polar &... Is hydrogen chloride an ionic or covalent bond ? Answer = CLO3- (Chlorate) is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Answer = SCN- (Thiocyanate) is Polar What is polar and non-polar? However, if water is added to hydrogen chloride, it forms hydrochloric acid which is an ionic compound that has ionic bonds. A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. That is why when HCl is mixed in water then it forms Hydronium ions (H3O+) and Chloride ion (Cl–), as the reaction showing this is as follows: This resulting solution produces a strong acid, i.e. The bonding in Hydrogen Chloride is covalent, but due to the high electro negativity tendency of Chlorine the bonding becomes polar covalent in nature. Answer = C2Cl4 ( Tetrachloroethylene ) is nonPolar What is polar and non-polar? Moreover, they both are covalently bonded in HCl. No electronegativity difference between two atoms leads to a pure non-polar covalent bond. On being dissolved in water Hydrogen Chloride gets separated in H+ and Cl– ions. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covalent_bond. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_bonding. HCL is covalent in gaseous state but ionic in an aqueous state. As HCl is also used in some small industrial purposes as a reagent and also in purification. HCl is a covalent compound. Answer = ICl3 (Iodine trichloride) is Polar What is polar and non-polar? HCl is soluble in polar solvent like water, due to the presence of polarity in it (as “Likes dissolves like”). Hydrochloric acid. HCl (Hydrogen Chloride) is a covalent compound and forms a covalent bond. These electron pairs are known as shared pairs or bonding pairs, and the stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms, when they share electrons, is known as covalent bonding. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Hydrogen Chloride is composed of Hydrogen and Chlorine atoms. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Ionic or Covalent Character of HCl As it has been, find that HCl has a large dipole moment in it due to the presence of its high polarity, it is polar covalent molecule. Question = Is ICl3 polar or nonpolar ? Question = Is AsH3 polar or nonpolar ? Question: Is H2SO3 an ionic or Molecular bond ?