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What is wrong with the idea that good people deserve salvation, while evil people deserve hell? Just as God created a people of God out of Abraham’s physical descendants who had become slaves in Egypt, so also God also created a people of God out of lowly Gentiles. What is the best of human righteousness when you compare it to God’s absolute righteousness? Their vehicle was intercepted by the Senderos, and they feared for their lives (with just cause). See how this Scripture accepts the charge, and plainly states it! 3 For what does the Scripture say? Finally (4:23-25), Paul applies the lessons of Abraham’s faith to his readers. The only fulfillment of the promise that Abraham was allowed to witness was the birth of Isaac—his son and heir. We can be saved only if God chooses to save us. 5But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness. 6:23), eternal separation from the holy God. Romans 5:8-10. Even a cursory reading of the Old Testament will show that, prior to the giving of the law at Sinai, there was a good deal of sin—and that God held people accountable for those sins. Let me draw out four implications of this astounding truth: Paul clearly spells it out, “to the one who does not work….” If you try to blend your works with God’s grace, you muddy the waters of pure grace. He does not say that God justifies the godly (those who are righteous by their own merit), but that God justifies the ungodly. OVERVIEW Paul's opening to this letter to the church in Rome follows standard letter-writing conventions of the day with certain modifications. It would be accurate, therefore, to say that the employee enjoys a certain power over the employer at this point. It would feed our pride. The flow of thought in the chapter is as follows (from Thomas Schreiner, Romans [Baker], pp. Christ’s substitutionary death paid the just penalty for the sins of those who will trust in Him (3:25). Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary Hi, ... as usually explained, means nothing else. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1976 in Bible exposition) and Califo... More, 3. If it were, verse 5 would be saying the opposite of what Paul is arguing! So Paul is attacking the popular Jewish views about Abraham in his day, saying, “He couldn’t have been justified by his works.” Then he supports his argument with Scripture: “For what does the Scripture say? • the righteous judgment of God (2:1-16); If this were not so, why would God have sent Jesus to die on the cross? He brings up Abraham because the Jews revered him as the father of their nation and their faith. Romans 4. The Prayer of Manasseh (8), states that God did not appoint repentance for Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, “who were righteous and did not sin against Thee.” (What Bible were they reading?) 1 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? A street sweeper who was unkempt, ragged, and filthy was known to everyone and there was a suitable place in the picture for him. In God’s sight (Rom. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. Grace is “God’s unmerited favor toward humanity and especially his people, realized through the covenant and fulfilled through Jesus Christ” (Myers, 437). • the relationship of Jews to the law (2:17 – 3-8); It’s an accounting term that means that God credited to Abraham a righteousness that did not inherently belong to him (Moo, p. 262). John Calvin thought that it is mentioned here, long after Abraham was first justified, to prove that justification does not just begin by faith, only to be perfected later by works. For example, the Book of Jubilees (23:10), written about 100 B.C. “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted (Greek: elogisthe—from logizomai) to him as righteousness.” 4Now to him who works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as something owed. (ed. He does believe, is filled with joy, and goes to his execution at peace with God. 3:8). He also refers to Genesis 17:5, where God promised that Abraham would be the father of many nations (4:17), and concludes that descent from Abraham includes all “of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all” (4:16). 2 We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things. You must be somewhat surprised to read a text like this: “Him that justifieth the ungodly.” I do not wonder that you are surprised; for with all my familiarity with the great grace of God, I never cease to wonder at it. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but u not before God. Submission to the Authorities. It was common for letters to begin with the name of the person writing the letter and the Romans 4-5 English Standard Version (ESV) Abraham Justified by Faith. 17As it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations.”This is in the presence of him whom he believed: God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were. However, Paul has already stated that God is the God of Gentiles also, since he “will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith ” (3:29-30). “As it is written, ‘I have made you a father of many nations‘” (Greek: ethnon—can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles”) (v. 17a). IX (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1954), Luther, Martin, Commentary on Romans, (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1976), Moo, Douglas, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: Romans (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996), Morris, Leon, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Co, 1988), Mounce, Robert H., The New American Commentary: Romans, (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995), Myers, Allen C. We need Christ’s perfect righteousness credited to our account. The New Perspective on Paul also argues that the Reformers misinterpreted Paul regarding this doctrine. 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